About Reconstructive Surgery and Procedures
In its general sense, reconstructive surgery is any procedure that aims to restore both the form and the function of a particular body part. Aside from plastic surgery, there are other branches of surgery that involves reconstructive procedures such as orthopedic, that reconstructs hips and other joints; otolaryngology, for the head and the neck; pediatric; and gynecology among many others. The common feature of these reconstructive procedures is that they all attempt to bring back to normal the anatomy and function of an irregular or damaged body part.
In this type of cosmetic surgery, the concept of “reconstructive laddering” is often used by surgeons to manage and treat complex wounds. This includes both simple techniques like primary closure and complicated operations such as skin grafts, free flaps, and tissue expansion.
Also called mentoplasty, chin surgery is a surgical procedure that aims to reshape and reconstruct the chin either by a reduction surgery on the bone or an enhancement with an implant. Aside from reconstruction due to damage, chin surgery also provides pleasant balance to the facial features and makes patients more confident about themselves. Often, it is recommended to patients who have just undergone nose surgery to achieve proportion in the face, as the chin tends to look smaller when the nose is enhanced.
Cleft lip surgery aims to treat the cleft problem on the lip of patients that greatly affect their speech, hearing, feeding, and even psychological development. To avoid further worsening of the facial defect, it is recommended by surgeons that an individual suffering from cleft lip should be treated as early as possible, particularly during his or her childhood. Often, the surgery is performed when the child reached 10 years old.
Cleft lip surgery involves closing the separation, restoring muscle functions, and providing normal shape of the mouth. The deformity of the nostril can also be restored through this cosmetic surgery.
Similar to cleft lip, cleft palate is a deformity on the mouth area of a person. However, cleft palate surgery involves reconstruction of the palate, rather than the lip and the nostril. In this surgical procedure, tissue from the sides of the mouth are drawn and used to rebuild the damaged palate. Requiring two to three nights in the hospital, the initial surgery involves creation of functional palate, avoiding fluid development inside the ears, and development of the bones and teeth properly. Like the cleft lip surgery, it is best to for a patient suffering from cleft palate to undergo surgical procedure while he or she is still young.
Ear reconstruction is necessary when there is a defect present in the ears or the area surrounding them. This surgical process that aims to rebuild the form and function of the ear can be a complex procedure because the three-dimensional nature of the ear shows sensitive curves, valleys, and peaks that require utmost attention. Most surgeons make use of the Mohs micrographic surgery principles for ear reconstruction that promise proper and effective reshaping and rebuilding of the ear.
Earlobe repair involves the reconstruction of the lobes that have been split, torn, or stretched from years of wearing long and heavy earrings. Because an irregularly shaped earlobe could cause self-consciousness and embarrassment, it is best that when the earlobes have been damaged, they should be repaired and be restored to an attractive appearance. Surgeons provide uncomplicated in-office procedures when bringing back the form and function of the damaged earlobes.
While the development of moles in the body and the face is a normal occurrence and happens to everybody, some individuals still opt to have them taken out for a variety of reasons. Surgically, moles can be removed in two methods: by excision with stitches or by excision with cauterization. Depending on the depth of the mole, the dermatologist or doctor may or may not use stitching after excision of the mole.
Previously, moles are being removed through the use of laser. However, the laser light does not really penetrate deep enough that’s why laser mole removal has become less popular.
Dealing with serious burns actually requires a series of processes. The reconstructive burn surgery restoration process involves three essential elements: recovery, reconstruction, and rehabilitation. Recovery from burn refers to bringing back the original form of the affected body part. Reconstruction, on the other hand, involves rebuilding the part, but not necessarily exactly the way it was because it has inherent limitations. Finally, restoration means making not only the physical damaged area whole again, but the emotional and spiritual aspects of the patient, as well.